CT crime rates in sharp decline over the past decade | Jobs Recent

Violent crimes and property crimes decreased slightly in 2021 while the number of arrests rose and admissions to state jails and prisons increased compared to the 2020 disease year, according to the latest analysis of Connecticut’s justice system.

But compared to 10 years ago, the state is still below key metrics on crime rates and incarceration rates within the Department of Corrections, while overall, Connecticut’s violence rate was less than half the state.

At a Thursday morning meeting of the Criminal Justice Policy Advisory Commission, officials in the Office of Policy and Management said that violent crimes in 2021 were down 43 percent from 2012 and reported property crimes – mainly theft – fell 29 percent during that time. 10-year period.

Although admissions to state correctional facilities were up 41 percent last year compared to the epidemic peak in 2020, it was still 44 percent lower than in 2013. Violent crimes decreased by 9 percent in 2021, compared to 2020; and property crime is down 2 percent compared to 2020.

During the commission’s special meeting, Marc Pelka, OPM’s secretary of criminal justice and planning, said the report, mandated by state law in 2021, is an important tool for policymakers at a time when the pandemic has exposed harsh realities. about what the public is doing during the stress of the virus.

With 147 homicides in 2020, Connecticut saw the number rise to 150 in 2021, but the statewide rate was still 40 percent below the national average, Pelka said. “As we all know, one murder is too many,” Pelka told the commission in what was the second annual report on national trends. There was a 5-percent increase in homicides in the country, during that time.

“This number, I think, and the problems in the epidemic, especially starting in 2020, have really focused people on what are the causes of murder and what are the ways we can eliminate violent crimes,” said Pelka, emphasizing that the Department of State. of Public Health created an office focused on violence reduction and prevention.

But violent crime varies from city to city and even from region to region. The national homicide rate is 4.22 per 100,000, while the national average is estimated at 6.9 per 100,000. While Bridgeport, Stamford and Waterbury experienced fewer murders in 2021 than 2020, both Hartford and New Haven reported 10-year homicides.

“We remain 40 percent below the rate of the United States, and the increase in our government was smaller than the rate of the United States, but this is the worst of all violent crimes,” Pelka said, pointing to New Haven and Hartford as opportunities to strengthen. partnerships with communities that ‘fight crime, including new ways to use federal American Rescue Plan Act funds.

He noted in the current calendar year, New Haven police report a reduction of more than 60 percent in homicides, along with a slight increase in non-fatal shootings, while Hartford has seen an increase in homicides and a slight reduction in non-fatal shootings. . “Each area is probably facing the same challenges but there are also different approaches to the things that are driving it,” Pelka said, applauding the area’s efforts and investment in firearms detection units.

In 2021 there were 5,954 violent crimes in the state, compared to 10,361 in 2012 and 8,198 in 2017. There were 61,071 property crimes in 2021 and 77,101 in 2012.

“Criminal justice systems, driven by the decline in crime, have contracted over the past decade,” Pelka said. “Like other states, corresponding to the beginning of the epidemic beginning in March 2020, the contract of Consticut’s criminal justice system increased. It did not involve a kind of downward trend or downward curve on one side. In 2020, there has been a gradual decrease to the mean, to the pre-epidemic levels.”

Along with a 43 percent drop in violent crime over the past 10 years, it has dropped 27 percent over the past five years and puts Connecticut at half the national rate. Property crime, including burglary and car theft, has decreased at a rate similar to the national trend. “A small percentage of property theft is car theft,” Pelka said. “Overall, over the last 10 years, they’ve gone up, but they’re down 11 percent from 2020 to 2021.”

Kevin Neary, OPM’s policy development coordinator, said the outbreak appears to have led to a 12 percent increase in traffic arrests compared to last year.

“We all understand that with the epidemic and with the important type of impairment – the driving behavior that we have all lived through in the last few years – that now what we have done, I will not say at all after the epidemic. part, but it is a type of movement beyond the initial impact of CCIDIDs and the community and people out there driving at high volumes again, with head on so we can see growth and repetition in car arrests,” Neary said.

Judge Patrick Carroll, who sits on the commission as the head of the state court, said that the key to this process was cooperation between various government agencies, from the Board of Pardons and Parole, to the Judicial Branch. Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection and Department of Corrections. During a recent meeting of the National Conference of Chief Court Administrators, Carroll received a statistical speech award.

kdixon@ctpost.com Twitter: @KenDixonCT

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